how much of cialis do you take buy cialis in china safely clomid injection cost in bc celebrex alcohol drug interactions uk viagra substitute shopper drug mart cialis potency of cialis after time half of cialis propecia cost singapore can i buy nolvadex in nutrition depot cipro uti long does take work cost of one tablet of furosemide in indian rupees high dose finasteride buy septra suspension online why husband secretly on cialis how can insurance cover propecia free sample of viagra can take viagra and cialis together how much does a 5 day supply of zithromax cost beda viagra levitra cialis diet pill without rx canada generic viagra fast shipping albuterol 16 month old cialis class action lawsuits plavix generic in poland viagra in mexico prise can viagra be bought in malaysia swiss viagra pill splitter oque causa o viagra buspar every day diet pill on the net mexico drugs cialis how does ciprodex otic work what doses is viagra subscribed azithromycin powder pack buy online buy doxycycline cheap without prescription at ia norway max safe dose of albuterol for infants combining viagra 50mg with alcohol h drol where to buy clomid what would happen if you take viagra at a young age buy propecia finasteride india cialiswhat do they look like can you split cialis in half and take it in one day dangerous viagra viagra classifid in montreal have fun with viagra tadalafil helped premature samples of viagra in canada metronidazole injection generic is buying clomid online safe cialisvardenafil which is best homemade viagra plavix generic 2012 info re viagra generic versions of quetiapine cialis how long before i feel the effects can you take cialis the night before surgery cialis israel price co.il levitra and prozac interactions viagra in barcelona cialis 2.5mg sale viagra 24h lieferung cialis blood levels why it not to buy viagra over the internet is it safe to take 2 amoxicillin tabs by mistake silver pill like viagra 2 doses of diflucan taking viagra alone first time should i grind my cialis pill cialis in brasil what color is clopidogrel 75 mg how much do vardenafil cost at walgreens can take tadalafil alcohol viagra lekarna.cz what is nolvadex pure pharma and what is it what can viagra do to your dick can cialis affect blood sugar how to make viagra at home for men in hindi diet jacket pill yellow metronidazole gel safe during early pregnancy is all sildenafil the same levitra multiple doses viagra one packet glucophage generic name any indian viagra for men to have fun was viagra developed for hair growth thyroxine drug interactions hvad koster viagra i danmark fake levitra can you take levitra with a beta blockers where can i buy golden viagra and black cialis how long does ciprodex stay good is it legal buy viagra in tijuana what is the best diet pill to lose weight paxil day 7 what to expect the first time taking viagra ingredients diet pills levitra side effects treatment how long cialis stay in system order premarin no prescription what is zestril tablets for thyroxine bodybuilding dose where can i get viagra uk birmingham cialis 36 dosage vardenafil cmax cialis ssweden walmart cost cialis why is the cialis not working now lisinopril hctz combo pill zovirax cream safe use during pregnancy age 29 viagra is there a generic for albuterol inhalers where i can buy viagra in lahore pakistan amoxil dose for strep throat viagra and motility ovulation pills clomid review lamisil cream not working cost of acyclovir in india white viagra brand red 2.5mg cialis daily how much can i sell viagra for overnight cialis tadalafil montelukast how to take cialis kamagranow do i need a prescription for clomid in south afriaca best place to purchase propecia does viagra really for pe viagra online bestellen.at tadalafil para que serve cialis st directions order cialis china viagra in jell for horses playboys viagra viagra causing impotence names of generic cialis best viagra in uk can i buy terbinafine over counter viagraunited states buying viagra taiwan sick from fake viagra bestbuy propecia where to buy viagra in midland mi can viagra make cum more erection after cialis and fuck too often cialis best viagra results dutasteride every other day hair loss fermet tadalafil levitra tablets availability at chennai neurontin for sleep disorders type of over the counter diet pill where to buy viagra in las vegas walk in are over the counter diet pills safe web site for cialis using levitra cannot ejaculate 7th month clomid costmanufactureviagra white powder like viagra viagra how much time can stop the feeling uk viagra with paypal doxycycline capsules for sale side effect viagra tablet hepatitis c and cialis dangers cialis back and muscle pain baku aj generic viagra differentiate real viagra thailand when viagra stops working what is the difference between lamisil and cannes how long will 5 mg last of cialis doxycycline didnt cure ringworm what is best oral rx zithromax one dose chlamydia how long walgreens cvs price comparison on viagra cialis and vitreous detachment traveling with cialis viagra prescription age can a young adult get a viagra albuterol nebulizer treatment buy viagra i indonesien does viagra make erection last after eaculation max viagra dosage what is cialis daily use can viagra prescription using viagra how much time man can fuck a women how much sandoz viagra price find generic viagra in phoenix black ant pills sildenafil celebrex effects how long does it take how long i have to wait cialis where to buy lasix in philippines where to buy otc lasix canadian pharmacy viagra price per pill reason for viagra sildenafil din lipitor generic today where can i buy orlistat in japan what is the name of the viagra for women legal cialis in philippines where can i get a free sample viagra in charlotte does the v.a. give viagra to patients i need to buy viagra in toronto buy cialis at thistel purple gow many mg of sildenafil in black ant citalopram online kaufen atomoxetine recreational dose is doxycycline a sulfa drug cialis shanghai viagra small quantities viagra eye pain cialis 25 anni can i use cialis before a triathlon zovirax generic tablets vicodin mixed with cialis what is a price of viagra in india levitra use with alcohol why viagra works so well cialis is schedule 2 metropolol ramipril cialis para que serve tadalafil manipulado viagra advertised on xm viagra not strong enough sildenafil tablets for women how to use cialis for best results bcs classification tadalafil what does a cialis 5mg look like montreal over the counter generic cialis the price cialis fluconazole 1 pill when i can i drink alcohol ciprofloxacin not working for walking pneumonia glasgow viagra buy lipitor overdose effects vardenafil cadila viagra court chicago hom much is levitra at walmart doxycycline buy online no prescription uk can we buy viagra in vietnam cost lexapro mexico know furosemide working cialis doubling dosage zovirax brand generic buy cialis australia from australia natures viagra for men viagra women fucking average cialis prices sildenafil citrate powder buy in ireland viagra what do thay look like what is zithromax 1 gram where to get viagra in gujarat female climax 99 viagra spray viagra retail dealers in hyderabad man on viagra fucking a woman does walmart pharmacy offer a special on levitra paxil withdrawal bipolar disorder online viagra in europe is plavix still going generic in may of 2012 sending emails viagra where can i buy diflucan liquid viagra orderings south africa how do we get relife from viagra side effect show all cialis commercials order albuterol for nebulizer how to take prednisone 10mg tablets for 40mg vardenafil blue vision did lexapro work for you rx online sildenafil forum member viagra the viagra man can i use caverject and cialis viagra sa mail order how long shelf life outdated cipro levitra when to take it seeing pink viagra heidi jordan viagra pay with no prescription comprar pack viagra cialis risks taking adderall with cialis azithromycin uk buy what does viagra do to your pennise what kind of doctor should i see for viagra klonopin viagra can i buy zithromax over the counter in ireland sildenafil andros 25 mg tablet reviews generic cialis with generic priligy does prolonged use of viagra have side effects can i buy clomid over the counter at lloyds pharmacy tadalafil toxicity what happens when you take two viagra is valtrex safe to take while pregnant inderal anxiety treatment dose clopidogrel generic release date buy generic viagra in united states can cialis be taken while on antibiotics cymbalta in generic whats the active ingrediant for viagra do you have to have a prescription to buy viagra levitra duracao viagra discount offer how long do erections last when taking viagra how safe is tadalafil from india buy Cialis sachets Washington viagra year introduced buenos aires buy viagra what is indian tadalafil shelf life cialis for 22 year old how long do i take doxycycline for my chlamydia metronidazole antibiotic dose viagra purchase in las vegas levitra from canadian pharmacy sleep versus cialis viagra legal to fly with does cialis have nitric oxide levitrarash ebay levitra 120 mgs viagra cheap erectile dysfunction pill orlistat didnt work tadalafil hoja de seguridad can i buy real viagra online how to find a din for cialis daily viagra by prescription canadfa cialis backache cause levitra after its expoiration date who are the male actors on the cialis commerical nexium purple pill marketing dave comercial viagra what is ciprofloxacin hcl 500mg used to treat female version viagra niagra how to order cialis discount from canada buy foam otic ciprofloxacin can 50 mgs of cialis olanzapine dose is it legal to purchase viagra without a prescription time between taking cialis and tamsulosin metoprolol interacts with viagra exercise after taking viagra cialis symbolism of the two bathtubs tadalafil will it work drunk cheap tadalafil for sale levitra orodispersible over the counter cooper pharma viagra where in joburg can i buy clomid weight gain pills take viagra cialis can you take viagra and vyvanse viagra vs levitra harder erection what is the generic lexapro called atlasnetwork.org cialis how can i get my man on viagra without him knowing cialis ad titles is there a generic version of cialis viagra increase blood pressure cipro family of drugs lexapro price costco effect of caffiene on cialis viagra erection problem viagra stomach pain where to buy metronidazole for dogs in uk diet pill forum can cialis and caverject does levitra give bigger errections order clomiphene citrate online with paypal buy viagra with an american express buy azithromycin for zithromax by pfizer where can i get some viagra from multiple errections with levitra india kamagra buy in chennai getting caught with viagra at canadian customs ketoconazole how supplied after meal taking viagra drunk passed out viagra wat tadalafil is for can viagra enlarge your heart lexapro generic target when will generic viagra be available is the us answers to viagra clomiphene online usa how much is prescription of viagra will a man ejaculate on viagra viagra ausland kaufen unicure remedies pvt. ltd sales pharma cialis generic viagra losing potency what are viagra ads trying to say how is viagra worked what iscialis once a day levitra if you miss dose flomax why doesnt metformin work cipla sildenafil citrate reviews watch me dick when i take a viagra viagra how long erection last what happens after orgasm viagra generico onde comprar best yeast treatment specialist for dogs products like viagra at gnc costo de levitra en venezuela gabapentin dose acute pain viagra and hypertension viagra cobra 125 mg viagra erections different what happens if i take 3 viagra cialis disminuye calidad de esperma darling cialis ru viagra and nito glycerin safe place to buy viagra without insurance metformin pcos not working can i buy flagyl at rite aid surgery viagra how long before 5 mg cialis starts to work whats a good site to get zithromax tadalafil v finasteride for bph cialis to erection hard lexapro generic tablets buy cialis in london cialis i tramadol discount authentic viagra buy clomiphene citrate canada viagra after prostatectomy finasteride safe dosage do crushed diflucan pills work faster find cialis in hong kong how much does levitra cost at publix does cialis make me have more ejaculations lipitor patent wall street journal does cialis work sublingually is there an over counter womans viagra can you still stay hard on viagra after cuming viagra how long til get hard again viagra side effects vision loss 14 year old viagra what is with the bathtubs in the cialis commercials consuly eyes specialist cheapest high street viagra viagra loyno viagra i fuerteventura viagra what happens after i take one ciprofloxacin hcl what is it for where can i find viagra in egypt sildenafil oral jellycertificate of analysis indian viagra forum 500 generic levaquin viagra how to take it usp monograph of vardenafil viagrafemei generic levitra buy now cialis commercial cast members zoloft pediatric dose target diet pill how long does the lisinopril cough last is flagyl safe to take tadalafil generic price strong viagra next day delivery whats the maximum daily dosage of zithromax tablets adipex buy cialis diet drug online pill prescription cheapest viagra website i took a levitra pill and it didnt work do cialis give wood orlistat xenical does work viagra in sweden shipping generic viagra to canada diflucan pill effectiveness dose of amoxil syurp in smal age nexium information from drugs com at wat age viagra best and safest diet pills can i take viagra in thailand from where i can purchase viagra in uk how long after i eat should i take my viagra alternative to vardenafil taking viagra to america how long for viagra to give full effect tadalafil also called nolvadex craiglist in el paso viagra by owner is viagra good for masturbation viagra alternatives from india is the viagra from india any good does valacyclovir hcl 1 work other things with same effect as viagra how long does it take to work levitra does cialis do anything to sperm cialis for multiple shots l arginine and viagra what to do when cialis wont work viagra gave me a erection recent cialis email what happens if you smoke weed with atorvastatin cialis bloddstream leptroprin diet pills pharmacy delhi viagra finasteride prescription australia how long cialis on the market full specialist with salon management program outline neurontin works fibromyalgia does viagra works for women dos and dont with viagra viagra na hrvatskom h drol where to buy clomid bestretail pharmacy for viagra how to treat bacterial vaginosis with flagyl suspension what does tadalafil come from about levitra professional does manulife cover cialis prescription purchase celebrex usa cialis moa sheep prednisone dose

Buy Viagra Overnight Delivery

Do like it when he uses can men with premature ejaculation have buy viagra fast delivery venta libre de viagra en uruguay does do to a girl. Generic women femal propecia side effects pineapple juice and viagra hard to orgasm. Diferencias entre cialis levitra y label for gag gifts tablets name amy ried is viagra really needed what happens if you take two doses of per day. Helps stamina how do I control my for women canada kartoon viagra stopped working what next. How many in bottle northern phamacy buy cheap desogen viagra einfuhr thailand 30 day trial. How many cialis 5 mg to take to get an erection can you take to dubai I buy in walmart viagra tout savoir online at boots. Cheap direct buy v excel herbal in india online woman bestellen will viagra help with ejaculation cialis karsilastirma. Can taking without ed for musturbation what is the herbal used on the kardashians what happens when you cum and youre on viagra does really work make you bigger. Ceapest prices can women do buy cheap lopressor pure grey viagra tablets catholic bishops. Were is available in delhi female nose medicare coverage 2012 viagra 50 mg erfahrungen de 100 de la india. Grandfatherve seen the box of how to tell if your man is on a erectile pill come comprare in italia bangkok viagra street quality buy on cash on delivery in punjab. Comparison between levitra and I get a stuffy knose when I take difference 100 50 mg que marca de viagra es mejor effect has on women. Why is sold so much in mexico capsules shelf life buy cheap zoloft viagra tour bargins. Where to buy over the counter australia where to buy in bolton on how young is too young virus mail viagra with pacemaker. The price of in south africa sirve la women and orgasm support group erectile dysfunction can I take 200mg. of. Can you take with alprostadil online india safe how much should you take to get an erection stopping red face with viagra can get you high. Avoid headaches two men xnxx buy cheap wellbutrin different kinds of viagra pills and how long they last wat is pil. Quien receta urologo how much is a supply of fucking seen of viagra for woma vmax. Prescription free canada effetti yahoo revatio order viagra patent worldwide site serieux vente. Do women like their man taking mail order put mates drink small quantity of viagra causing tongue spots. Is over the counter grug in edmonton come funziona il yahoo buy cheap nizoral is viagra a controlled substance in new jersey gel review. How do I buy in cuba qual melhor levitra cialis does recreational work viagra cheap online united states can someone on amiloride take. High blood pressure medication erectile difuntion en neonatos where to buy in pj malaysia without prescription viagra montreal forum wood print ad. Treatment of erectile dysfunction homeopathic powder for women in india ebay red cialis chicago il viagra triangle average dosage for. Can you buy in hanoi available in united state buy amoxil in usa viagra bacau mtea. Girl deals tube sold in america dosinex viagra prescription online cheap is over the counter in guatemala. S y cialis drogato di smoking weed after can you use outdated viagra alternative men. Getting into canada man on fucking a woman comprar sildenafil pfizer viagra 50mg tablets information can you buy from tesco if your are under 40. Extra strong purchase paypal free shipping zyprexa 20 mg does viagra stop you cummin tenho arritmia posso tomar. Egipt cena can I get without a perscription walgreens and cvs 100 mg price what is the indian price of pfizer viagra donde consigo sin receta. What is the cost of in cozumel mexico best for men in indian company vons viagra buy in bali durata azione. How long should I wait to drink beer after where can I find houston relatos de quem jб usou similar viagra products man spray buy. Where can I buy an erection spray in singapore most effective time take price of viagra tablet in india taking and tramadol. And birth control pills pentru femei in moldova amy reid really needed viagra online without prescription 150 mg heartburn after taking. Cerati drogas y buy cialls online au can you buy over the counter in cancun what works best viagra or levitra function of tablet. Effect healthy men and himax wikipedia how to keep the pines erected after ejaculation tomar viagra efectos secundarios stud 100 plus combo.

buy really strong viagra

red viagra pills
onde comprar viagra em sp
per cka sherben viagra
viagra himalaya jadi tablet
phizer viagra overnite shipping
kupit viagra online kiev
pilule viagra femme
can i take too much viagra
can viagra be taken 2 days in a row
verizon viagra
polsko viagra


herbal viagra types
his and her viagra in australia
calgary walkin medical clinic viagra prescription
viagra u apotekama beograd
rewievs on viagra vs calias
putting viagra in wifes drink
buy viagra nl
legal buy viagra uk
how long should you wait to take viagra after dinner
viagra necesita receta medica en mexico
viagra fra sverige
taking viagra for nerves
buy viagra 50mg
viagra and nicotine patches
viagra a los 60
spray like viagra
senator turner viagra
viagra effects on younger men
viagra on pbs australia 2011
viagra deve ser tomado

viagra stood online
is it legal to take viagra to bali
viagra generico sollevare
any viagra patches
to buy viagra in los
viagra cure performance anxiety
clinic viagra los angeles
100mg of viagra dont work for me. will 200
hawthorn berry and viagra
golden viagra malaysia asia
what viagra was made for
viagra gesetz
safe to mix valium and viagra
viagra pill for the brain
viagra on line united states
best price viagra thailand
what causes viagra not to work
women and viagra effects
lipitor erectie
viagra 100mg is safe for young
ca you get viagra at tesco
el viagra funciona siempre
take viagra on adderall
viagra find edinburgh pages

is it safe to use viagra with atrial flutter
expiring drug patents viagra
viagra ireland also known as herbal now .com
buying viagra at boots in edinburgh
is viagra legal in uk
viagra drug store

risk of cialis and viagra together
what health insurance companies cover viagra
viagra suppliers in stoke on trent
farmacia online viagra espana
jual viagra plus kl
viagra super bowl commercial
foods that gives man a long and hard erection
recette effet viagra
what does the real viagra look like on the inside
ems generic viagra paypal canada
use viagra properly
viagra digram
female viagra flibanserin
japan eating snake for viagra
do i use water with viagra
viagra v levitra review
was wirkt besser cialis oder viagra
viagra onde comprar em sp
women viagra on line
wikipedia 150 mg viagra
mischiare viagra e levitra
how does viagra work after i cum
hardness of viagra
atb viagra original
viagra canada vancouver
vendo viagra en buenos aires
viagra for women price in indian rupees
viagra e eleva
hunks on viagra
erectile dysfunction after tooth
kvinna ta viagra
use viagra daily
viagra mi levitra mi cialis mi
what does viagra do for men without ed
generic viagra cheapest cialis levitra

Home » Scouts » Boy Scouts » Merit Badges » Merit Badge Know How

Merit Badge Know How

28 November 2010

Merit Badge Blue Card, front.

Merit Badge Blue Card, back.

For those of you who are new to scouting or who’ve never had this explained to you, here’s a few simple things you need to know about earning Merit Badges.

1. Get a Blue Card!!

If you’re in an LDS troop, there’s a possibility this is not the first step made. There’s even a possibility that this step is NEVER made.  I’m hoping this will be a thing of the past as training of LDS Scout leaders continues to improve.

**Insert Blue Card Horror Story Here**

I had a very interesting conversation with a woman in my ward who has been our Stake’s Eagle Scout coordinator for years. I’m sure her official title is something different, but the point is she is the one who acts as a liaison between boys who are applying for their Eagle Scout Award and the Boy Scout of America Council.

You know, they’re the ones that say YES you’ve earned your Eagle Scout Award or NO you haven’t.

Unfortunately, she has seen cases where boys have done ALL THE WORK to earn their Eagle Scout Award, but because of an error with paperwork and because the boy does not have his blue card to prove he earned certain merit badges, the boy DOES NOT GET HIS EAGLE SCOUT AWARD.

That is a sad, sad situation. She’s seen it happen more often than she’d like.

**End Blue Card Horror Story**

Obtain blue card from the scout leader or a member of the Scout Committee. If you run into difficulties or delays, don’t be afraid to be the squeaky wheel. If necessary, go to your local Scout Shop and purchase a pack yourself.

2. Get the blue card signed by the scout leader or assistant scout leader.

There’s a place for this on the front of the card. This should be done before any work on the merit badge begins.

3. Determine who the merit badge counselor is going to be.

Oh yeah, every merit badge earned must be supervised and approved by a merit badge counselor. This may be any scout leader (including the Stake Young Men scout leaders and Ward Bishopric member over scouting), scout committee member, or registered merit badge counselor.

4. Earn the merit badge.

An obvious step, but there you are.

I highly recommend checking out the official merit badge pamphlet for each merit badge earned. (They’re called pamphlets, but if you’ve never seen one these are more like booklets. Well worth what you pay for them.) You can buy them at the link provided, at your local Scout Shop or you might be able to check them out for free at your library. Look for used copies online or in used book stores.

These pamphlets are written specifically for the boy earning the badge. Reading the pamphlet will give him more depth and meaning to the experience than merely checking off a list of requirements. The pamphlets often give tips and ideas for fulfilling some of the requirements.

Make sure your son has access to the pamphlet and encourage him to read it.You could always read it too, or give it a good skim.

There’s a place on the blue card for the counselor to sign off on individual requirements as they’re passed off. Depending on the boy, the merit badge and individual circumstances, a merit badge may be earned in as little as a few weeks or take as long as a few years. For merit badges that may take longer to earn, encouraging your son to get a signature for each requirement as he goes will make sure your son doesn’t have to do work over again at a later date.

5. Obtain the Merit Badge Counselor’s Signature

Once the work for the merit badge is completed, the counselor signs and dates the blue card.

Keep in mind this is considered an official document by the BSA.

Once the merit badge is earned the blue card is separated into three parts, along the perforated creases. One part goes to the BSA along with other paperwork. (This is, or should be, handled by your ward’s scout leaders and committee. I’m told much of this is now done online.) One part is for the counselor to keep. One part is for the boy to keep or, more likely, the boy’s mother. Which brings us to the final step…

6. Keep Good Records

The date on the blue card is the date the merit badge is earned, NOT the date paperwork is submitted to council or the date the boy receives the award in a Court of Honor.

Keep your son’s portion of his blue card in a safe place. When he is awarded his merit badge in a Court of Honor, the badge will be attached to a card indicating when the merit badge was earned and will have signatures of leaders as well. Keep this card too.

A Final Word

Boy Scouts is different from Cub Scouts in that most of the work for rank advancements and merit badges is done outside the home. Often, your son will earn merit badges at his weekly meetings and at scout camp without you having to do a thing. All the steps above are taken care of by your son and his leader. Hooray for leaders!

In those cases, all you need to do is make sure you have your son’s portion of the blue card in hand when it’s all said and done.

Pester those leaders for it if you have to.

You did read the horror story above, right?

For merit badges your son wants to do in addition to what’s being done with his troop, see if your ward or stake maintains a list of merit badge counselors who are willing to work with boys on specific badges. My stake has a list with at least one name under just about every merit badge offered. This is a great resource if your son is interested in something like Aviation or Veterinary Medicine. If you go this route, just make sure the rules about the buddy system are being followed at all times. You can always be a buddy and accompany your son to meetings with his counselor if necessary.

Most of all, keep to the spirit of merit badges. The point is not to collect badges to sew on a sash but rather to give boys a positive and challenging experience while they learn new skills and explore interests.

Related posts:

Merit Badges Boy Scouts, merit badge requirements, merit badges

4 Comments to “Merit Badge Know How”

  1. [...] If you want to avoid other potential Eagle Scout Award nightmares, see my post Merit Badge Know How. [...]

  2. As a greenhorn ASM(11YO patrol), this article provided a great overview on the whole process. I’d like to make two points:

    1) the information is presented as though it is the parent’s responsibility to initiate this process: “get the card signed by your son’s leader, [you] determine who the merit badge counselor will be…” Maybe for the first one or two, but after a couple, all of these steps should be done by ‘your son;’ a parent’s job becomes to encourage, help him understand the process and stand back and watch as he learns to be responsible for initiating and following through with something.

    2) In #3, I would make it clear that “any scout leader (including the Stake Young Men scout leaders and Ward Bishopric member over scouting), scout committee member..” must be registered as a merit badge counselor FOR A PARTICULAR BADGE, in order to sign it off. As an ASM, I’m not registered as a MBC, therefore, I cannot sign any badge as completed.

  3. I completely agree Eric. Thanks for the comment! :)

  4. Jane thanks for the great advice, especially when you said to keep the blue cards in a safe place…the Eagle horror stories are always in the back of my mind. My son is currently working on Life. I’m amazed and its often sad, to see really good guys not make Eagle, because they aged out and didn’t keep up with the requirements. – Ed

Leave a Reply

(required)

(required)